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In this paper I focus on writing norms associated with runic script, bringing into the discussion a largely unused source to Medieval writing, namely inscriptions written in Roman script. Not marking a nasal consonant before a plosive, not marking double consonants, not repeating a rune in initial position if it is same as the preceding […]

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In Old Norwegian a phenomenon dubbed vowel harmony affects the realization of the unstressed phonemes /i/ and /u/. Researchers see this phenomenon as a progressive distant assimilation, where the closeness of a stressed vowel influences the closeness of the vowel in the following syllable. There has been debate concerning both the geographical distribution of this […]

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Svaret på denna fråga har hittills varit ‘ja’. Det mest välkända exemplet på denna betydelse återfinns i den Första grammatiska avhandlingen (ca 1150), där författaren argumenterar för att anpassa och utöka det latinska alfabetet för att uppnå ett grafofonemiskt precist skriftsystem som lämpar sig för fornisländskan. Han säger då till sin tänkta motpart att eigi […]

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Verbplasseringi i runespråket hev vore rekna som prinsipielt fri (t.d. Krause, Die Sprache der urnordischen Runeninschriften, 1971). Likevel viser det seg at det finitte verbet i flestalle runeinnskrifter er plassert på fyrste- eller andreplass i setningi (i samsvar med den sokalla V2-regelen som gjeld i norrønt mål), og at dei fåe innskriftene der verbet er […]

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It is well known that the predecessor of Old Norse (ON) must have gone through a process of final devoicing at some point in time. As pointed out by O. Grønvik and H. Bjorvand, among other scholars, this follows quite clearly from internal reconstruction of Old Norse. Forms like 3. sg. pret. ON batt ‘bound’ […]

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Although (North) Germanic languages are known to have been in close contact with Finnic and Sámi languages throughout their history, to my knowledge no systematic attempts have been made to identify possible Finno-Ugric elements in runic inscriptions. This may in part reflect assumptions about linguistic and cultural contacts that appear outdated in the light of […]

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